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气候变化背景下烟草粉斑螟入侵中国的全程风险评估
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引用本文:彭硕,伍绍龙,杨海林,宋凡,苗圃,赵紫华.气候变化背景下烟草粉斑螟入侵中国的全程风险评估.植物保护学报,2023,50(6):1463-1471
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2023.2023822
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作者单位E-mail
彭硕 中国农业大学植物保护学院, 农业农村部植物检疫性有害生物监测防控重点实验室, 北京 100193
三亚中国农业大学研究院, 海南 三亚 572025 
 
伍绍龙 湖南省烟草公司, 长沙 410004  
杨海林 云南省烟草公司玉溪市公司, 玉溪 653100  
宋凡 中国农业大学植物保护学院, 农业农村部植物检疫性有害生物监测防控重点实验室, 北京 100193  
苗圃 河南省烟草公司洛阳市公司, 洛阳 471000 miaopu888@163.com 
赵紫华 中国农业大学植物保护学院, 农业农村部植物检疫性有害生物监测防控重点实验室, 北京 100193
三亚中国农业大学研究院, 海南 三亚 572025 
zhzhao@cau.edu.cn 
中文摘要:为制订烟草粉斑螟Ephestia elutella的精准管理方案,从入侵阶段出发,基于收集的生物学及生态学信息以及MaxEnt模型对烟草粉斑螟入侵中国的跨境传入风险、定殖适生风险以及扩散暴发风险进行评估,并提出相应的风险管理措施。结果表明,烟草粉斑螟个体体积小,为害隐蔽不易识别,传入途径多样,具有高跨境传入风险;未来气候条件下其在全球及在中国的总适生区面积呈扩张趋势,具有高定殖适生风险;其繁殖能力强,寄主广泛,传播途径广,为害后果严重,具有高扩散暴发风险,最终评估烟草粉斑螟入侵中国的全程风险水平为高风险水平。应采取科学的监测和防控方法,分阶段精准防控烟草粉斑螟入侵,警惕其进一步扩散为害。
中文关键词:烟草粉斑螟  MaxEnt模型  跨境传入风险  定殖适生风险  扩散暴发风险
 
Thorough risk assessment of tobacco moth Ephestia elutella in China under the climate change environment
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Peng Shuo Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Management for Plant Quarantine Pests of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Sanya Institute of China Agricultural University, Sanya 572025, Hainan Province, China 
 
Wu Shaolong Hunan Province Tobacco Company, Changsha 410004, Hunan Province, China  
Yang Hailin Yuxi Branch, Yunan Province Tobacco Company, Yuxi 653100, Yunnan Province, China  
Song Fan Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Management for Plant Quarantine Pests of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China  
Miao Pu Luoyang Company of Henan Province Tobacco Company, Luoyang 471000, Henan Province, China miaopu888@163.com 
Zhao Zihua Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Management for Plant Quarantine Pests of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Sanya Institute of China Agricultural University, Sanya 572025, Hainan Province, China 
zhzhao@cau.edu.cn 
Abstract:In order to develop precise management plans for tobacco moth Ephestia elutella, the risks of cross-border introduction, establishment, and explosion starting from the invasion process were assessed, and consistent risk management measures were proposed based on the collection of biological and ecological information, with MaxEnt model. The results revealed a high cross-border risk of E. elutella, attributed to its small body size, hidden damage, and diverse pathways. The total suitable areas of E. elutella showed a tendency of global expansion under future climate conditions, particularly in China, indicating a high-risk level for establishment. The species was thought to pose a high risk of explosion, given its high reproductive capacity, wide range of hosts, extensive pathways, and severe consequences upon invasion. In conclusion, E. elutella was thought to have high overall risk of invasion in China. It is recommended to adopt scientific monitoring, prevention, and control methods, and to implement accurate measures in a phased manner to prevent its further expansion and damage.
keywords:Ephestia elutella  MaxEnt model  cross-border risk  establishment risk  explosion risk
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