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检疫性蛾类鉴定方法和标准的研究进展
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引用本文:李安娟,柳丽君.检疫性蛾类鉴定方法和标准的研究进展.植物保护学报,2023,50(6):1397-1410
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2023.2023816
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作者单位E-mail
李安娟 中国农业大学植物保护学院, 北京 100193  
柳丽君 中国农业大学植物保护学院, 北京 100193 ljliu@cau.edu.cn 
中文摘要:由于检疫性蛾类多数种类个体小,形态难以观察,且与其他蛾类害虫在形态上具有一定的相似性,区别和鉴别难度大,造成该类检疫害虫传播扩散的风险加剧。一方面,该类害虫的幼虫啃食水果、木材等,使其品质下降,严重影响水果、木材等进出口贸易;另一方面,检疫害虫的扩散也对农林业生产构成了巨大威胁。因此,蛾类害虫的精准鉴定已成为国内外普遍关注的问题。该文对我国检疫性蛾类的种类进行系统性汇总,并对鉴定方法及鉴定标准等方面的研究进展进行综述,分析目前存在的问题和不足,并结合技术创新以及口岸实际检疫需求,提出今后的发展方向,以期为检疫性蛾类新型精准鉴定技术研发及其入侵防控策略制订提供参考。
中文关键词:检疫性蛾类  种类  鉴别方法  鉴定标准  研究进展
 
Research progress in identification methods and criteria for quarantine moths
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Li Anjuan College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China  
Liu Lijun College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China ljliu@cau.edu.cn 
Abstract:As most quarantine moth species are small in size, challenging to observe morphologically, and morphologically similar to other moth pests, their identification poses difficulties, often leading to an increased risk of their spread. The larvae of this pest feed on fruits, wood, degrading their quality and seriously affecting their import and export trade. Moreover, the spread of quarantine pests poses a great threat to agriculture and forestry production. Therefore, precise identification of moth pests has become a global concern. In this review, the species of quarantine moths in China were systematically summarized; research progress in identification technology and criteria was reviewed, and existing problems and shortcomings were analyzed. Meanwhile, the future development direction was proposed based on technological innovation and actual quarantine needs at ports. The aim is to provide references for the research and development of new, precise identification technology for quarantine moths, as well as strategies for invasion prevention and control.
keywords:quarantine moths  species  identification method  phytosanitory standard  research progress
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