• 首页 | 期刊简介  | 
    编委会
    编委会
    青年编委会
     | 道德声明 | 投稿指南 | 联系我们 | 期刊订阅 | English
小麦条锈病抗病遗传及菌源基地基因布局研究进展
点此下载全文
引用本文:冯晶,王凤涛,蔺瑞明,徐世昌,陈万权.小麦条锈病抗病遗传及菌源基地基因布局研究进展.植物保护学报,2022,49(1):263-275
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2022.2022834
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
作者单位E-mail
冯晶 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100193  
王凤涛 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100193  
蔺瑞明 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100193 rmlin@ippcaas.cn 
徐世昌 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100193  
陈万权 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100193 wqchen@ippcaas.cn 
中文摘要:小麦条锈病是世界范围内严重影响小麦生产安全的重要病害。我国是世界上最大的小麦条锈病流行区,自成独立的流行体系。培育和种植抗病品种是防治病害最有效的措施。然而,小麦品种对条锈病的抗性常常由于病菌新小种的产生而丧失,这既是一个重大科学问题,也是一个亟待研究解决的生产实际问题。如何有效、合理地利用小麦的抗病性,植病学家和育种学家进行了一个多世纪的研究与探索,提出了各种理论与策略,开展了各种实践与探索。该文就小麦抗条锈病遗传及其基因布局研究进展进行综述,主要包括抗性鉴定评价、抗病基因发掘与利用、数量抗性位点定位、抗病基因克隆与功能解析、近等基因系创建与应用,以及抗源创制、抗病生态育种和大区基因布局等,并对深入开展抗条锈病基因发掘与利用和大区基因布局进行展望,以期为抗病育种和病害持续治理提供参考。
中文关键词:小麦条锈病  抗病基因  抗病生态育种  近等基因系  基因布局
 
Research progress on genetics of wheat stripe rust resistance and distribution of resistant genes in inoculum source areas
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Feng Jing State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China  
Wang Fengtao State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China  
Lin Ruiming State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China rmlin@ippcaas.cn 
Xu Shichang State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China  
Chen Wanquan State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China wqchen@ippcaas.cn 
Abstract:Wheat stripe(yellow) rust caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici is the most important disease seriously impacting on wheat safety in production, and China is the biggest independent epidemic region of wheat stripe rust in the worldwide. It is the most effective measure for disease control to breed and plant resistant wheat cultivars. However, resistance of wheat cultivars to stripe rust usually breakdown due to be neutralized by new virulence in the pathogen, which is not only a major scientific issue but also a practical problem to be studied and solved urgently. To effectively and reasonably utilize the resistance of wheat itself in wheat breeding and disease management programs, phytopathologists and breeders have carried out collaboration for more than a century, and put forward to various theories and strategies, and different approaches. In this paper, we summarized the advantages on genetics of wheat stripe rust resistance, and development and distribution of disease resistance cultivars(or lines) with various stripe rust resistance genes(Yr genes), which include identification and evaluation for wheat stripe rust resistance, discovery and utilization of new resistance genes, mapping of quantitative resistance loci(QRL), gene cloning and function analysis, development of wheat near isogenic lines, creation of new resistance resources, ecological breeding for resistance and the regional deployment of resistance gene etc. Approaches for development and regional distribution of stripe rust resistance genes on wheat are also proposed in the paper. We are anticipating to provide an useful aid for wheat breeding of disease resistance and sustainable management of wheat stripe rust.
keywords:wheat stripe rust  resistance gene  ecological breeding for resistance  near isogenic line  gene distribution
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
您是本站第  8927958 版权所有:植物保护学报    京ICP备05006550号-2  
主管单位:中国科协 主办单位:中国植物保护学会、中国农业大学 地址:北京市圆明园西路2号 中国农业大学植物保护学院 植物保护学报编辑部
电话:010-62732528 电子邮件:zbxb@cau.edu.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司