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小麦赤霉菌群体结构和病害监控技术研究进展
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引用本文:张昊,陈万权.小麦赤霉菌群体结构和病害监控技术研究进展.植物保护学报,2022,49(1):250-262
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2022.2022815
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作者单位E-mail
张昊 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100193
农业农村部国家植物保护甘谷观测实验站, 甘肃 天水 741000 
 
陈万权 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100193
农业农村部国家植物保护甘谷观测实验站, 甘肃 天水 741000 
wqchen@ippcaas.cn 
中文摘要:小麦赤霉病是影响我国小麦生产安全和食品安全最重要的病害之一。由于受全球气候变暖、耕作制度变化等因素影响,小麦赤霉病在我国发生区域呈北移西扩的态势,病害发生流行频率明显上升。本文从赤霉菌群体遗传结构、侵染循环、致病与毒素合成调控机制以及抗病遗传育种、病害监测预警和防控技术等方面综述了国内外相关研究进展,分析了我国小麦赤霉病频繁暴发成灾原因以及监测与防控工作中存在的问题,并提出了有效防控病害暴发危害的应对策略。
中文关键词:赤霉病  群体遗传结构  监测预警  病害防控
 
Research progresses on population structure of pathogen and monitoring and controlling technology of Fusarium head blight in wheat
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Zhang Hao State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
National Agricultural Experimental Station for Plant Protection, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Tianshui 741000, Gansu Province, China 
 
Chen Wanquan State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
National Agricultural Experimental Station for Plant Protection, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Tianshui 741000, Gansu Province, China 
wqchen@ippcaas.cn 
Abstract:Fusarium head blight(FHB) is one of the most important wheat diseases threatening wheat production and food safety in China. Due to the global warming and the changes in farming systems, FHB epidemic areas extended to the northern and western China and the epidemic frequency increased significantly in recent years. In this paper, we summarized the research advances in population structure of pathogen, disease cycle, mechanisms of Fusarium pathogenicity and mycotoxin production, breeding for disease resistance, monitoring and forecasting, and controlling techniques of FHB. The main causes of FHB outbreaks and the problems in the disease monitoring and control were also discussed, and approaches for FHB management were proposed at the end.
keywords:Fusarium head blight  population genetic structure  monitoring and forecasting  disease management
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