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我国农业害虫物理防治研究与应用进展
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引用本文:桑文,高俏,张长禹,黄求应,雷朝亮,王小平.我国农业害虫物理防治研究与应用进展.植物保护学报,2022,49(1):173-183
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2022.2022813
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作者单位E-mail
桑文 华南农业大学植物保护学院, 广东省生物农药创制与应用重点实验室, 广州 510640
华中农业大学植物科技学院, 昆虫资源利用与害虫可持续治理湖北省重点实验室, 武汉 430070 
 
高俏 华中农业大学植物科技学院, 昆虫资源利用与害虫可持续治理湖北省重点实验室, 武汉 430070  
张长禹 贵州大学昆虫研究所, 贵州省山地农业病虫害重点实验室, 贵阳 550025  
黄求应 华中农业大学植物科技学院, 昆虫资源利用与害虫可持续治理湖北省重点实验室, 武汉 430070  
雷朝亮 华中农业大学植物科技学院, 昆虫资源利用与害虫可持续治理湖北省重点实验室, 武汉 430070 ioir@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
王小平 华中农业大学植物科技学院, 昆虫资源利用与害虫可持续治理湖北省重点实验室, 武汉 430070 xpwang@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
中文摘要:自1949年以来,我国的植物保护理论和技术研究取得了巨大进步,物理防治作为重要的害虫绿色防控技术,在基础理论研究与应用技术及产品创新领域也取得了一系列重要进展。该文综述了新中国成立后我国灯光诱控、色板诱控、物理阻隔、温度控制、辐照不育等害虫物理防治的理论、技术、设备和应用研究的重要成果,并对农业害虫物理防治的未来发展方向进行展望,以期为建立现代植保技术体系,保障我国的粮食安全、环境安全和农业可持续发展提供参考。
中文关键词:物理防治  灯光诱控  粘虫色板  物理阻隔  温度控制  辐照不育
 
Researches and applications of physical control of agricultural insect pests in China
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Sang Wen Key Laboratory of Bio-Pesticide Innovation and Application, Guangdong Province, College of Plant Protection, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong Province, China
Hubei Key Laboratory of Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei Province, China 
 
Gao Qiao Hubei Key Laboratory of Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei Province, China  
Zhang Zhangyu Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Agricultural Pest Management of the Mountainous Region, Institute of Entomology, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, Guizhou Province, China  
Huang Qiuying Hubei Key Laboratory of Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei Province, China  
Lei Chaoliang Hubei Key Laboratory of Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei Province, China ioir@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
Wang Xiaoping Hubei Key Laboratory of Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei Province, China xpwang@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
Abstract:Since 1949, theoretical and technical researches in plant protection have made great progresses in China. As an important environmental friendly prevention and control technology, physical control has also made a series of important progresses in the field of basic theoretical research, application technology and product innovation in the past decades. This article summarized the important achievements of the theory, technology, equipment and application on the physical control of agricultural insect pests in China, including light trap, color sticky trap, insect-proof screen, temperature control, and irradiation sterilization. The future development direction of physical control of agricultural insect pests was then prospected. This review is expected to provide a reference for establishing a modern plant protection technology system to ensure the food security, environmental security, and sustainable agricultural development.
keywords:physical control  light trap  color sticky trap  physical barrier  temperature control  irradiation sterilization
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