• 首页 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 道德声明 | 投稿指南 | 联系我们 | 期刊订阅 | English
加州新小绥螨对苹果全爪螨各螨态的捕食作用
点此下载全文
引用本文:黄婕,王蔓,门兴元,季洁,刘永杰,尹淑艳.加州新小绥螨对苹果全爪螨各螨态的捕食作用.植物保护学报,2020,47(1):46-52
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2020.2019017
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
作者单位E-mail
黄婕 山东农业大学植物保护学院, 泰安 271018  
王蔓 山东农业大学植物保护学院, 泰安 271018  
门兴元 山东省农业科学院植物保护研究所, 济南 250100  
季洁 福建省农业科学院植物保护研究所, 福州 350013  
刘永杰 山东农业大学植物保护学院, 泰安 271018 shuyany@163.com 
尹淑艳 山东农业大学植物保护学院, 泰安 271018
山东省林业有害生物防控工程技术研究中心, 泰安 271018 
lyj@sdau.edu.cn 
中文摘要:为明确加州新小绥螨Neoseiulus californicus对苹果全爪螨Panonychus ulmi的控制潜力,在实验室条件下测定加州新小绥螨对苹果全爪螨各螨态的捕食功能反应、捕食选择性及加州新小绥螨自身密度对其捕食的干扰效应。结果表明:在25℃时,加州新小绥螨对苹果全爪螨各螨态的功能反应均属于Holling Ⅱ型圆盘方程;加州新小绥螨对苹果全爪螨卵的捕食能力最强,为40.3,对幼螨、第1若螨、第2若螨和雌成螨次之,捕食能力分别为36.9、17.3、15.2、3.6;加州新小绥螨对苹果全爪螨卵、幼螨、第1若螨、第2若螨和雌成螨的日最大捕食量分别为34.5粒、26.3、13.5、12.2和3.0头;加州新小绥螨对苹果全爪螨卵、幼螨和第1若螨有较强的嗜食性,选择系数分别为1.4、1.5、1.1,对第2若螨和雌成螨没有嗜食性,选择系数分别为0.9和0;加州新小绥螨对苹果全爪螨的总捕食量随自身密度增大而增大,但单头捕食量和捕食作用率随着自身密度增大而下降,其捕食作用率E与自身密度P的关系模型为E=0.050P-0.544。表明加州新小绥螨对苹果全爪螨各螨态尤其是卵、幼螨和第1若螨均有较强的控制潜力。
中文关键词:加州新小绥螨  苹果全爪螨  功能反应  捕食选择  捕食干扰
 
Predation of European red mite Panonychus ulmi by predatory mite Neoseiulus californicus at different stages
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
HUANG Jie College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, Shandong Province, China  
WANG Man College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, Shandong Province, China  
MEN Xingyuan Institute of Plant Protection, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, Shandong Province, China  
JI Jie Institute of Plant Protection, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fuzhou 350013, Fujian Province, China  
LIU Yongjie College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, Shandong Province, China shuyany@163.com 
YIN Shuyan College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, Shandong Province, China
Shandong Forestry Pest Control Engineering Technology Research Center, Tai'an 271018, Shandong Province, China 
lyj@sdau.edu.cn 
Abstract:In order to determine the predation capacity of the predatory mite, Neoseiulus californicus, to European red mite, Panonychus ulmi, the functional responses of N. californicus to P. ulmi at different stages, the prey selection of N. californicus on P. ulmi at different stages and the interference effect of the density of N. californicus on its predation capacity were studied in the laboratory. The results showed that the functional response of N. californicus to each developmental stage of P. ulmi was all fitted to Holling II disc equation at 25℃. The predation capability of N. californicus on the eggs of P. ulmi was the strongest with the value 40.3, followed by the larvae, protonymphs, deutonymphs and female adults, with the value of 36.9, 17.3, 15.2 and 3.6, respectively. The daily maximum predation amount of N. californicus on the eggs, larvae, protonymphs, deutonymphs and female adults of P. ulmi were 34.5, 26.3, 13.5, 12.2 and 3.0. N. californicus had strong preference for the eggs, larvae, protonymphs of P. ulmi, with a selection coefficient of 1.4, 1.5 and 1.1, but there was no preference for deutonymphs and female adults, with a selection coefficient of 0.9 and 0. The total predation amount of N. californicus on P. ulmi increased with the density of N. californicus, but the predation amount per predatory mite and the predation rate decreased with the density of N. californicus. The relationship between the predation rate and the density of N. californicus was in line with the model E=0.050P-0.544. The results showed that N. californicus had strong predation capability on each of the different developmental stages of P. ulmi, especially the egg, larva and protonymph stages.
keywords:Neoseiulus californicus  Panonychus ulmi  functional response  prey selection  predation interference
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
您是本站第  3094357 版权所有:植物保护学报    京ICP备05006550号-2  
主管单位:中国科协 主办单位:中国植物保护学会、中国农业大学 地址:北京市圆明园西路2号 中国农业大学植物保护学院 植物保护学报编辑部
电话:010-62732528 电子邮件:zbxb@cau.edu.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司

etiller();