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我国栎类植物蛀干蛀果害虫及其天敌多样性研究进展
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引用本文:曹亮明,魏可,李雪薇,王小艺.我国栎类植物蛀干蛀果害虫及其天敌多样性研究进展.植物保护学报,2019,46(6):1174-1185
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2019.2018210
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曹亮明 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所, 国家林业和草原局森林保护学重点实验室, 北京 100091  
魏可 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所, 国家林业和草原局森林保护学重点实验室, 北京 100091  
李雪薇 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所, 国家林业和草原局森林保护学重点实验室, 北京 100091  
王小艺 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所, 国家林业和草原局森林保护学重点实验室, 北京 100091 xywang@caf.ac.cn 
中文摘要:蛀干蛀果害虫是威胁我国栎类森林生态系统安全的重要因素。本文针对我国栎类植物蛀干蛀果害虫的物种多样性、地理分布情况、高风险外来入侵性害虫种类及其寄生性天敌种类进行了综述。目前我国有150余种栎类植物蛀干蛀果害虫,其中以天牛科Cerambycidae害虫最多,有64属96种,其次为小蠹科Scolytidae害虫,有13属29种;有10余种高风险入侵性害虫需加以重点防范;这些害虫的寄生性天敌目前仅报道了20余种。今后应在栎类植物蛀干蛀果害虫的分布区系、天敌资源调查、害虫及其天敌遗传多样性和害虫暴发关键诱发因子等方面开展更深入的研究。
中文关键词:栎类植物(栎树)  蛀干害虫  蛀果害虫  天敌  生物多样性
 
Research progress in the biodiversity of oak wood and nut borers and their natural enemies in China
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Cao Liangming The Key Lab of Forest Protection, State Forestry and Grassland Administration of China, Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China  
Wei Ke The Key Lab of Forest Protection, State Forestry and Grassland Administration of China, Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China  
Li Xuewei The Key Lab of Forest Protection, State Forestry and Grassland Administration of China, Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China  
Wang Xiaoyi The Key Lab of Forest Protection, State Forestry and Grassland Administration of China, Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China xywang@caf.ac.cn 
Abstract:Wood-and nut-borers are important factors threatening the ecological safety of oaks. Species diversity, geographical distribution, high-risk quarantine species and parasitic natural enemies of oak wood and nut borers in China were reviewed in this paper. There are more than 150 oak wood and nut borers in China, within which round-headed wood borers are the richest (96 species, 64 genera), following by Scolytidae with 29 species, 13 genera; more than ten high-risk quarantine species need serious prevention and only about 20 natural enemies of these pests have been reported. It is suggested that the fauna distribution of wood and nut boring pests, investigation of natural enemies, genetic diversity of pests and natural enemies, and influencing factors of pest outbreaks should be further studied.
keywords:oak  wood borer  nut borer  natural enemy  biodiversity
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