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蓟马信息素研究及应用进展
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引用本文:李晓维,章金明,张治军,王丽坤,吕要斌.蓟马信息素研究及应用进展.植物保护学报,2019,46(6):1163-1173
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2019.2018178
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作者单位E-mail
李晓维 浙江省农业科学院植物保护与微生物研究所, 农产品质量安全危害因子与风险防控国家重点实验室(筹), 杭州 310021  
章金明 浙江省农业科学院植物保护与微生物研究所, 农产品质量安全危害因子与风险防控国家重点实验室(筹), 杭州 310021  
张治军 浙江省农业科学院植物保护与微生物研究所, 农产品质量安全危害因子与风险防控国家重点实验室(筹), 杭州 310021  
王丽坤 浙江省农业科学院植物保护与微生物研究所, 农产品质量安全危害因子与风险防控国家重点实验室(筹), 杭州 310021  
吕要斌 浙江省农业科学院植物保护与微生物研究所, 农产品质量安全危害因子与风险防控国家重点实验室(筹), 杭州 310021 luybcn@163.com 
中文摘要:蓟马是农作物和园艺作物上常见的重要害虫,其通过直接取食和间接传播病毒给作物造成了巨大的经济损失。应用蓟马信息素是蓟马害虫绿色防控的重要措施。本文综述了蓟马产生的信息化学物质的研究进展,概述了已报道的蓟马肛门分泌物的化学组分及其功能,介绍了已鉴定的蓟马报警信息素、聚集信息素、接触信息素和抑性欲信息素的主要成分、分泌部位、作用功能和合成方法,讨论了信息素在蓟马害虫防控中的应用潜能,并展望了目前蓟马信息素研究中存在的问题和未来的发展方向,以期为蓟马害虫信息素的合理应用提供指导。
中文关键词:蓟马  信息素  活性成分  功能  应用前景
 
Advances in the research and application of thrips pheromones
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Li Xiaowei State Key Laboratory for Managing Biotic and Chemical Threats to the Quality and Safety of Agro-products, Institute of Plant Protection and Microbiology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, Zhejiang Province, China  
Zhang Jinming State Key Laboratory for Managing Biotic and Chemical Threats to the Quality and Safety of Agro-products, Institute of Plant Protection and Microbiology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, Zhejiang Province, China  
Zhang Zhijun State Key Laboratory for Managing Biotic and Chemical Threats to the Quality and Safety of Agro-products, Institute of Plant Protection and Microbiology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, Zhejiang Province, China  
Wang Likun State Key Laboratory for Managing Biotic and Chemical Threats to the Quality and Safety of Agro-products, Institute of Plant Protection and Microbiology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, Zhejiang Province, China  
Lü Yaobin State Key Laboratory for Managing Biotic and Chemical Threats to the Quality and Safety of Agro-products, Institute of Plant Protection and Microbiology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, Zhejiang Province, China luybcn@163.com 
Abstract:Thrips are important pests of agricultural and horticultural crops, causing enormous economic losses by direct feeding and indirect transmission of the plant-pathogenic virus. Pheromones have been used as green control methods for thrips management. In this article, the reported semichemicals produced by thrips were reviewed, including identified anal secretions and pheromones. Besides, the active components, sites of biosynthesis and deposition, synthetic methods and functions of alarm pheromone, aggregation pheromone, contact pheromone and anti-aphrodisiac pheromone were summarized. The potential of pheromones for thrips management was also discussed. Finally, current problems and potential research directions of thrips pheromones were discussed, which could help better exploit thrips pheromones for pest management.
keywords:thrips  pheromone  active component  function  application
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