• 首页 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 道德声明 | 投稿指南 | 联系我们 | 期刊订阅 | English
棉隆与淡紫拟青霉联合防治番茄根结线虫病的效果评价
点此下载全文
引用本文:聂海珍,孙漫红,李世东,钟增明.棉隆与淡紫拟青霉联合防治番茄根结线虫病的效果评价.植物保护学报,2016,43(4):689-696
DOI:10.13802/j.cnki.zwbhxb.2016.04.024
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
作者单位E-mail
聂海珍 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 农业部作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 北京 100081  
孙漫红 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 农业部作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 北京 100081 sunmanhong2013@163.com 
李世东 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 农业部作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室, 北京 100081 lisd@ieda.org.cn 
钟增明 北京启高生物科技有限公司, 北京 100081  
中文摘要:为明确土壤熏蒸与生防微生物对番茄根结线虫病的联合作用效果,采用移栽前棉隆熏蒸处理后穴施淡紫拟青霉Paecilomyces lilacinus YES-2-14生防菌剂的方法在温室大棚开展了联合防治试验。结果表明,棉隆用量为35 g/m2时,24周拉秧时线虫数量减少90%以上,防效达到85.5%;移栽时穴施浓度107~108 CFU/g的淡紫拟青霉菌剂,24周拉秧时防效为44.4%~59.6%;而当线虫初始密度达到674头/100 g土时,单一菌剂防效只有12.5%,但番茄长势和产量显著提高。棉隆熏蒸后再联合施用淡紫拟青霉菌剂,2个月和5个月时防效比单一棉隆处理分别提高14.1%和21.8%,比单一菌剂处理提高14.3倍和4.1倍,产量较对照、棉隆熏蒸和单一菌剂处理分别提高22.1%、9.5%和2.4%,且该处理地块线虫数量始终最低,与对照差异显著,而淡紫拟青霉数量则高于单一淡紫拟青霉菌剂处理。表明棉隆和淡紫拟青霉菌剂联合使用不仅能显著降低线虫数量,有效防治番茄根结线虫病,还能够促进植株生长并提高产量。
中文关键词:生物防治  淡紫拟青霉  土壤熏蒸  根结线虫
 
Integrated control of root-knot nematode disease of tomato by dazomet and Paecilomyces lilacinus
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Nie Haizhen Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management in Crops, Ministry of Agriculture
Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China 
 
Sun Manhong Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management in Crops, Ministry of Agriculture
Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China 
sunmanhong2013@163.com 
Li Shidong Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management in Crops, Ministry of Agriculture
Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China 
lisd@ieda.org.cn 
Zhong Zengming Beijing QiGao Biologics Co. Ltd., Beijing 100081, China  
Abstract:In order to study the integrated effect of fumigant and biocontrol agent on tomato root-knot nematode, dazomet and Paecilomyces lilacinus YES-2-14 was applied successively in protected greenhouse. When 35 g/m2 of dazomet was used, the total number of nematodes in soil and on roots decreased by over 90% and the control efficiency reached 85.5% in 24 weeks after transplanting. For P. lilacinus, when applied in planting holes at concentrations of 107-108 CFU/g, the control efficacies were 44.4%-59.6% in 24 weeks after transplanting. However, the effect of the nematophagous fungus was only 12.5% at a high density of 674 juveniles/100 g soil; nevertheless, the treatment significantly improved plant growth and tomato yield. After soil fumigation with dazomet, followed by application of P. lilacinus agent in planting holes, the control efficacies increased by 14.1% and 21.8% in two and five months, respectively, compared to dazomet treatment alone, and it increased by 14.3 and 4.1 times compared to the treatment with fungal agent alone; tomato yield increased by 22.1%, 9.5% and 2.4% compared to the control, dazomet and YES-2-14 treatments, respectively. Consistent with above observations, the number of nematodes was the least and significantly different from the control throughout the growing season, while the population of P. lilacinus in rhizosphere soil was greater than that of the single biocontrol treatment. The results demonstrated that the integrated use of dazomet and P. lilacinus could inhibit nematode density, enhance control efficacy to root-knot nematode effectively, and promote the growth and yield of plant.
keywords:biocontrol  Paecilomyces lilacinus  soil fumigation  root-knot nematode
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
您是本站第  3605633 版权所有:植物保护学报    京ICP备05006550号-2  
主管单位:中国科协 主办单位:中国植物保护学会、中国农业大学 地址:北京市圆明园西路2号 中国农业大学植物保护学院 植物保护学报编辑部
电话:010-62732528 电子邮件:zbxb@cau.edu.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司

etiller();